See the difference to make big breakthroughs in your tumor microenvironment research
In the world of next generation immuno-oncology research, having confidence in your immunoassay results is vital. Unfortunately, 75% of antibodies in today’s market are non-specific or simply do not work at all.* That’s why at Bethyl, we manufacture and validate every antibody on-site to ensure target specificity and sensitivity. More than 10,000 independent citations over the past 15 years have proven that our antibodies will function as designed in your assay — and we offer a 100% guarantee.
Work with Bethyl to bring your discovery into full focus.
Immuno-oncology has moved from an emerging field to one of the cornerstones of cancer therapy. Unlike traditional therapies such as radiation or chemotherapy which target the tumor itself, immunotherapy stimulates the patient’s own immune system to target and eradicate cancerous cells. In order to attack cancerous cells, the immune system must be able to respond in several ways. First, antigen presenting cells (APC) such as macrophages and dendritic cells must process tumor associated antigens (TAA) derived from dying cancer cells and display them on their surface via MHC-II receptors. Second, antigen presenting cells must generate a protective T-cell population. Last, cancer-specific, CD8+ cytotoxic T-cells must evade immunosuppressive (checkpoints) signals being expressed in the tumor.
Successful inhibition of the PD-1 and CTLA-4 signaling systems have revolutionized treatment options.
Early immunotherapy ideas involved using vaccines to present tumor associated antigens to APCs. Recently, the most exciting therapies have involved clearing the immunosuppressive signals within the tumor using checkpoint inhibitors. Successful inhibition of the PD-1 and CTLA-4 signaling systems have revolutionized treatment options. The identification of other receptor systems such as Tim-3, Lag-3, and OX40, which down regulate T-cells, has expanded the possibility of new checkpoint inhibitors.
As different immunotherapies have become available as treatment options, it is clear that not every patient responds. Thus, profiling the tumor microenvironment to determine the type of immune cells present and expression of immunosuppressive signals within the tumor is a key component of designing new therapies and predicting responsive patients.
Bethyl maintains an extensive catalog of antibodies that can be used to identify immune cell type, tumor cells, and the presence of checkpoint inhibitors.
Interested in Multiplexing?
Accelerate your cancer discoveries with our multiplex antibody panels optimized for immuno-oncology applications.
* Weller, MG, Analytical Chemistry Insights: 11, 21-27 (2016)
Detection of human CD8 (red) and FoxP3 (green) in FFPE colon carcinoma. Rabbit anti-CD8a recombinant monoclonal [BLR044F] (A700-044) and rabbit anti-FoxP3 recombinant monoclonal [BLR034F] (A700-034). Secondary: HRP-conjugated goat-anti-rabbit IgG (A120-501P) Substrate: Opal™ 590 and 520. Counterstain: DAPI (blue).
Detection of human CD3 (green), CD20 (magenta), CD68 (yellow), and Cytokeratin (red) in FFPE human NSCLC. Antibodies: Rabbit anti-CD3E recombinant monoclonal [BL-298-5D12] (A700-016), mouse anti-CD20 monoclonal [L26] (A500-017A), mouse anti-CD68 recombinant monoclonal [KP-1] (A500-018A), mouse anti-Cytokeratin monoclonal [AE1/AE3] (A500-019A). Substrate: Opal™ reagent. Counterstain: DAPI (blue).
Each assay was performed in accordance to the manufacturer’s recommended protocol as outlined in each product’s datasheet.
Competitor Comparison #1
Competitor Comparison #2
Competitor Comparison #3
Antibodies for Immuno-Oncology Research
Immune Cells and Tumor Microenvironment
The tumor microenvironment contains normal cells, tumor cells, lymphocytes, and blood vessels. The identification and interaction of these tumor microenvironment constituents aids in diagnostics, treatment and response measures.
This is a list of select antibodies for immune cell and tumor microenvironment research. For a comprehensive list, click here.
Immune Cell Type Markers
Tumor Cell Markers
alpha Smooth Muscle Actin
The ability of the immune system to respond to cancer is dependent on T-cells specific for tumor-associated antigens. Both immune related cells and tumor cells can influence the activation state of T-cells. The ability to phenotype activation status and sub-categories of T-cells present in the tumor microenvironment is important for predicting immune response towards the tumor.
This is a list of select antibodies for T-cell marker research. For a comprehensive list, click here.
Tumors suppress immune responses by the activation of negative signaling pathways termed immune checkpoints or co-inhibitory pathways. The ability of T-cells to mount an effective response is also dependent the presence of co-stimulatory signaling. The characterization of the repertoire of inhibitory and stimulatory molecules can help determine the type of immunotherapy which will generate the most effective patient response.
Looking for a specific target that's not listed?
Bethyl is dedicated to delivering the highest standards of product and service quality. Recognizing that your research and time are valuable, we promise to stand behind our products. Should one of our antibodies fail to return satisfactory results when used in the species, application and under the same conditions stated on the product datasheet, Bethyl will offer a full product replacement, credit or refund at the investigator’s discretion. Before providing product replacement, credit or refund, we ask the investigator to complete an application specific questionnaire and work with our Technical Support team to identify potential steps to optimize conditions.
Every Bethyl product ships with a 100% guarantee; choose Bethyl antibodies with confidence.
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